Designing space for people with visual disabilities comes down to an important issue – how to make a property more accessible? However, architects who understand the principles of universal design have a perfectly clear picture of how to create a space for blind clients.
Inclusive design is a significant aspect of this process because it assists people with visual impairment to feel comfortable, as well as get a grasp of various functions of their space. To help you understand this approach, we will go through a couple of ideas which you can apply on your next project.
What is universal design?
Nowadays, universal design is a broad term which relies on accessibility and barrier-free design. If it’s universal, then it means it’s for everyone and by definition, accessible. When we apply this rule to architecture, then this type of space should meet the needs of people with a wide range of disabilities, from those who are blind to individuals with vision and cognitive difficulties.
For that reason, architects choose to implement a universal design, which allows blind people to move quickly throughout the house. By placing graphic language on the floor, the entire space is oriented around a central corridor, which ensures efficient circulation and eliminates the maze effect.
Colors and contrast
Another trick which can help people with visual impairment is the combination of bright colors and use of contrast. You should keep in mind that it easier for individuals to see bright colors because they reflect the light. For that reason, colors such as red, orange, and yellow are more natural to see than pastels.
Additionally, by putting the bright tape on the edges of stairs, can help you avoid numerous accidents. Stairs are a potential hazard for many people with vision disabilities. On top of that, you can mark doors, cabinets, and drawers as well.
Rely on the sense of touch
Visually impaired people tend to rely on their sense of touch. Therefore, when buying furniture, make sure to choose the one that has texture. In this case, they can recognize different pieces by texture, which can facilitate the movement throughout the property.
Heat, sound, and balance
You must be wondering, what do blind people see? A lot of individuals, who are blind, possess small percentage of vision. For instance, they can spot bright colors and some changes in illumination. For that reason, combining entryways and passages into an architectural design can help eyes adapt to these changes.
For instance, a colorful façade might help blind people recognize their location without having to count their steps. Sound is also an essential part of this process since it can direct people without visual cues. These days, technology built within the walls act as a smartphone; however, you’ll have to ask the right question.
Maybe you are familiar with the term intelligent personal assistant, which has the role of directing occupants, and making the space more comfortable to live in.